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Threat Landscape: Cyber Threats & Protection Practices

4 May 2023

Cybersecurity has become a substantial concern for individualsand organisations in a world where almost everything is connected to the internet. The threat landscape constantly evolves, with new and sophisticated attacks emerging daily. As such, it is essential to understand the nature and scope of the threat landscape and to develop effective strategies to protect against it.

This article will explore the current threat landscape and how individuals and organisations can protect themselves from cybercriminals. By staying informed and taking proactive measures, we can help to safeguard our digital lives and protect against the ever-present threat of cyber attacks. Dive in!

What Is the Threat Landscape?

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It is the current state of the organisation’s overall risk environment. It is the sum of all the known and unknown cyber and physical risks that can impact an organisation, including emerging trends, vulnerabilities, and attack surfaces. The threat landscape constantly changes as new risks emerge and existing ones evolve.

Corporate industries and major government agencies have been well acquainted with these issues for quite some time. However, these challenges persist, causing frustration for security professionals who strive to update policies, procedures, and environments to mitigate the impact of such attacks.

Cybersecurity’s threat landscape provides a framework and context for understanding an organisation’s risks and vulnerabilities. By understanding the landscape, organisations can better protect themselves against cyber attacks and other threats.

What Is the Current Cyber Threat Landscape?

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The current threat landscape is complex and rapidly shifting. Organisations face many threats, from low-level attacks to sophisticated nation-state campaigns. Some of the emerging trends and threats that are currently shaping the threat landscape include:

  • Ransomware attacks: Ransomware attacks continue to be a significant threat, with attackers using increasingly sophisticated techniques to target organisations of all sizes. Recent ransomware attacks have disrupted critical infrastructure, healthcare systems, and more.
  • Supply chain attacks: Supply chain attacks involve targeting third-party vendors or software providers to gain access to a target organisation’s systems. Supply chain attacks have become more common in recent years, with high-profile incidents such as the SolarWinds attack making headlines.
  • Business Email Compromise (BEC): BEC is a social engineering technique that involves threat actors impersonating a senior executive or other trusted parties to trick employees into wiring funds or disclosing sensitive information. BEC attacks have caused significant financial losses for organisations around the world.
  • IoT vulnerabilities: The Internet of Things (IoT) is an increasingly popular target for threat actors, as many IoT devices are connected to the Internet with weak security controls. IoT vulnerabilities can be exploited to access corporate networks or launch attacks against other targets.
  • State-sponsored attacks: State-sponsored attacks continue to be a significant threat, with nation-states engaging in cyber espionage, intellectual property theft, and disruption of critical infrastructure.
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) attacks: As AI becomes more prevalent in cybersecurity, attackers also use AI to develop more sophisticated and targeted attacks. AI attacks can be used to automate social engineering attacks, improve malware detection evasion, and more.

What Are the Benefits of a Cyber Threat Landscape Assessment?

A cyber threat landscape assessment comprehensively evaluates an organisation’s digital security posture. It involves identifying, analysing, and prioritising potential cyber threats that an organisation may face.

The assessment aims to clearly understand an organisation’s security risks and the potential impact of a security breach. It involves an in-depth analysis of an organisation’s security measures, including policies, procedures, and technology, to identify gaps and vulnerabilities.

By conducting a cyber threat landscape assessment, organisations can create a risk management strategy that aligns with their business objectives and protect themselves against potential cyber-attacks. It is an essential exercise for any organisation that wants to safeguard its critical assets and ensure its sensitive information’s confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Let’s dive into the benefits in detail:

Security Protection

There are several benefits of conducting a cyber threat landscape assessment:

1. Identification of Vulnerabilities

A cyber threat landscape assessment helps identify an organisation’s systems, processes, and personnel vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities include outdated software, weak passwords, or employees falling for phishing scams.

Organisations can develop strategies and controls to address these vulnerabilities and prevent potential breaches by identifying them. For example, they can update software, implement multi-factor authentication, and conduct security awareness training for employees.

2. Prioritisation of Risk Mitigation

With limited cybersecurity resources, deciding where to allocate them can be challenging. A cyber threat landscape assessment helps prioritise the most significant threats and vulnerabilities based on the potential impact on the organisation.

Organisations can focus their resources on the most critical areas and ensure effective risk reduction by prioritising risk mitigation efforts. For example, they can prioritise patching critical vulnerabilities, implementing access controls, and performing regular security assessments.

3. Enhanced Threat Intelligence

A cyber threat landscape assessment can provide valuable threat intelligence that can be used to inform security policies, procedures, and training. Threat intelligence refers to information about potential cyber threats and attackers that organisations can use to understand better the risks they face.

By analysing the threat landscape, organisations can gain a deeper understanding of the threats they are likely to face and how to defend against them. For example, they can use threat intelligence to develop more effective incident response plans, detect and prevent malware infections, and identify emerging attack techniques.

4. Improved Incident Response

With improved awareness of the threat landscape, organisations can enhance their incident response capabilities and be better prepared to detect and respond to cyber-attacks. The assessment can identify potential breaches and security incidents, allowing organisations to develop a proactive incident response plan to minimise the attack’s impact and restore operations quickly.

Incident response involves several steps: detection, containment, data collection, analysis, eradication, and recovery. Organisations can quickly and effectively respond to a security incident with a plan, minimising the impact on their operations and company reputation.

5. Compliance with Regulations and Standards

Many industries are subject to limitations and standards related to cybersecurity, such asthe Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) or General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). A cyber threat landscape assessment can help ensure an organisation complies with these regulations and standards and avoid penalties or fines for non-compliance.

For example, the assessment can identify potential compliance gaps, or factors such as insufficient access controls or inadequate security training, that must be addressed to comply with regulations and standards.

How to Protect Against the Threat Landscape

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Organisations must adopt a comprehensive and proactive cybersecurity strategy to protect against the constantly evolving threat landscape. Here are some of the key steps organisations can take to protect against cyber threats:

1. Implement Strong Access Controls

Organisations should implement strong access controls to limit who has access to sensitive data and systems. This includes using multi-factor authentication, role-based access controls, and regular password updates.

2. Regularly Update Software and Systems

Organisations should regularly update their software and systems to protect against known vulnerabilities and zero-day exploits. This includes patching systems promptly, upgrading to the latest software versions, and regularly scanning for vulnerabilities.

3. Conduct Regular Employee Training

Employees are often the weakest link in an organisation’s cybersecurity defences, as they may inadvertently fall for phishing scams or unwittingly expose sensitive data to hackers. Regular employee training can help to educate them about the latest threats and best practices for staying secure.

4. Implement Robust Incident Response Plans

Organisations should develop robust incident response plans that outline the steps to be taken in the event of a cyber attack or security breach. This includes identifying key stakeholders, setting up communication protocols, and developing a plan for data recovery.

5. Use Encryption and Data Loss Prevention (DLP)

Organisations should use encryption and data loss prevention (DLP) technologies to protect sensitive data in transit and at rest. Encryption can help to protect data in the event of a breach, while DLP technologies can help to prevent data from being leaked or stolen in the first place.

6. Conduct Regular Security Assessments

Organisations should conduct regular security assessments to identify vulnerabilities and areas for improvement in their cybersecurity defences. This includes penetration testing, vulnerability scanning, and risk assessments by security professionals.

7. Establish a Supply Chain Security Program

Organisations should establish a supply and value chain security program to ensure their vendors and suppliers implement strong cybersecurity measures. This includes conducting due diligence on potential vendors, monitoring vendor security practices, and establishing contractual requirements for security.

8. Monitor for Threats

Organisations should establish a robust threat monitoring program that checks networks, systems, and data for potential threats. This includes using tools such as intrusion detection systems (IDS) and security information and event management (SIEM) systems to detect and respond to threats in real time.

Conclusion on Threat Landscapes


The threat landscape is a constantly evolving and complex risk environment that organisations must navigate to protect their data, operations, and reputation. Cyber threats like malware, ransomware, phishing, and DDoS attacks continue to pose significant risks. In contrast, emerging trends such as state-sponsored attacks, AI attacks, and IoT vulnerabilities add to the complexity of the threat landscape.

To protect against the threat landscape, organisations must develop a comprehensive and proactive cybersecurity strategy that includes technical, organisational, and relevant human controls. Conducting a cyber threat landscape assessment can help organisations better understand their risk environment and prioritise risk mitigation efforts.

By staying up-to-date with the latest trends, threats and implementing best practices for cybersecurity, organisations can better protect themselves against cyber attacks and other threats.

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